Flight Review and Instrument Profeciency Checks

Competent and ready to fly IFR?

If so, we can complete an IPC for you. Instrument pilots looking to regain their instrument flying privileges are required to pass an Instrument Proficiency Check (IPC) in accordance with FAR 61.57. An IPC is a comprehensive evaluation that follows the Practical Test Standards (PTS) for the Instrument rating. An IPC that goes well will probably require 2-to-3 hours of airplane time, and several hours of ground instruction. Usually an IPC can be completed on least two or three separate training sessions.

The PTS requires one precision approach and two non-precision approaches. One of the non-precision approaches must be partial-panel. A review of the PTS will provide detailed information regarding the knowledge requirements and what other maneuvers must be conducted. Plan approximately 3 hours total for flight and ground review. While not a formal checkride, we will cover all required areas per PTS. If you haven’t flown IFR for a while, we recommend our 3-day Refresher Course for recurrency.

Pilots Paradise offers instruction for the instrument proficiency check (IPC) described in 14 CFR 61.57(d). An IPC is normally required for pilots who intend to act as pilot-in-command under instrument flight rules (IFR) after letting instrument currency lapse for more than six months. Satisfactory completion of an IPC “resets” instrument currency. The instrument proficiency check includes several tasks from the instrument rating practical test standards (PTS). The PTS has a chart near the beginning of the book outlining the requirements for an IPC.

An IPC is not a checkride and it cannot be failed, but like a flight review, more than one session may be required in order to obtain the endorsement. Pilots planning an IPC should have current FAR/AIM, enroute charts and instrument approach book and Airport Facilities Directory appropriate for South Florida. Also pilots should have the POH for the aircraft to be used and be familiar with its contents and the equipment in the plane.

To schedule your IPC and discuss options, please contact us at 772-333-7857


Flight Review 

Formerly known as a biennial flight review, or BFR for short, questions about the flight review continue to confuse pilots. Simply put, you cannot act as pilot in command without a current flight review endorsement (with the exception of a student pilot on a solo flight with proper endorsements). This subject report addresses the requirements and expectations for the flight review.

To act as pilot in command, pilots must complete a flight review every 24 calendar months. A calendar month means that the endorsement runs to the end of the 24th month. For example, if your flight review endorsement is dated March 15, 2013, you have 24 calendar months, or until March 31, 2015, to receive your next flight review. The logbook endorsement must be specifically for a flight review.

No logbook endorsement is required for an unsatisfactory performance of a flight review. The flight time may be logged as training time received from an instructor.



You may not act as PIC without a current flight review endorsement.
You do not need a current medical during the flight review as long as the flight instructor agrees to be the acting PIC, or if you are operating as a sport pilot with a current and valid U.S. driver’s license in lieu of a medical.

You cannot fail a flight review. However, the instructor may choose not to endorse your logbook if he or she feels you have not satisfactorily completed the review. If you have not satisfactorily completed the flight review, your flight instructor should log your flight time as training received.

If the instructor does not endorse your logbook, you may use a different flight instructor for the flight review.

An IPC, complex, high-altitude, tailwheel, or other endorsements do not count as a flight review, but they can occur at the same time — provided there is an agreement made with the inspector, examiner, or instructor prior to the flight.


Duration and Content

14 CFR 61.56 requires a minimum of one hour of flight training and one hour of ground training. The only specific requirement is a review of the current general operating and flight rules of  14 CFR Part 91 and, at the discretion of the person giving the flight review, those maneuvers and procedures necessary for the pilot to demonstrate the safe exercise of the privileges of the pilot certificate.

Required aircraft

Any aircraft for which you are rated may be used for the flight review. If you are rated for single-engine land and multi-engine land, you may complete the flight review in either a single or a multi-engine aircraft. Additionally, if you are rated for another aircraft category, such as glider, you may take the flight review in any aircraft in that category, and it satisfies the requirement for all categories.

Alternatives to the flight review

* A flight review is not required if the pilot, within the 24-calendar-month period
* Completed one or more phases of the  FAA “Wings” program;
* Received a new pilot certificate (sport, recreational, private, commercial, flight instructor, or ATP
* Passed a practical test to renew, reinstate, or add an additional rating to their Instructor Certificate.
* Received a new rating (instrument, multiengine, or glider);
* Flies for a Part 121 (air carrier) or 135 (air taxi) operation and satisfied the appropriate proficiency checks.
* Additionally, Air Safety Institute’s free online courses qualify for the safety seminar portion of the  FAA Wings program.
Endorsements for high-altitude operations, complex airplanes, high-performance airplanes, tailwheel, or the instrument proficiency check (IPC) do not substitute for a flight review. They may, however, occur at the same time, if your instructor, examiner, or inspector agrees prior to the flight  to combine the IPC or checkout with the flight review. The flight review’s minimums must be met, and the endorsement for the flight review must be provided.